NRCAN Energy Production and Supply

Canada and Saudi Arabia are similar in population and in the share of total primary energy production for which they are responsible. However, while Saudi Arabia’s production is concentrated on crude oil and natural gas, Canada is a major producer of almost all forms of energy.

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As Canadian society changes, so does the energy sector workforce. The current employment base is increasingly skewing towards an older profile. At the same time energy workers are more diverse than ever with a substantial component of immigrant workers. Women are taking on a greater role and the sector is a significant source of employment […]

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Canada imports 19% of its crude oil consumption from the US due mostly to the design of North American pipeline infrastructure. US producers send crude oil to Canadian refineries, which partially offsets Canadian crude oil exports to the USA.

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With great generation capacity and potential, Canada is an important exporter of electricity. Canadian electricity is also unusually low in green house gas emissions – 82% from non-emitting sources. Canada has one of lowest emitting electricity systems in the world. Canada exports low-emitting electricity and, in the process, exports greenhouse gas reductions by displacing higher […]

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It is worth noting that even with Canada’s enormous energy riches Canadians are still looking for ways to improve efficiency in energy use. This is consistent with the time-honoured Canadian principle that the cheapest unit of energy is the one freed up by increased efficiency.

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The Canadian energy sector employment is well-compensated. Comparatively high Canadian energy worker wages reflect the technical nature and commensurate level of education necessary to work in the Canadian energy sector. Over the last decade, more women have been working in the Canadian energy sector and the historic gender wage gap continues to close. The growth […]

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Roughly 30% of the energy assets owned by Canadian companies are located either elsewhere in North America or overseas. Canadian capital and energy know-how are strongly represented throughout the world.

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In 2020 there was a slight reversal of a more than 10-yr upward trend in foreign direct investment (FDI) in the Canadian energy sector. However, Canada continues to be an attractive destination for energy investment, as evidenced by the increase in 2021. Canada has:

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Crude oil, natural gas, uranium, and to a lesser extent petroleum products, are major exports to the US market.

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Canadian Primary energy production in 2020, including uranium, declined from 2019 by 2,490 petajoules, which was a 10% reduction. The majority of Canadian energy production and consumption relies on fossil fuels, similar to the rest of the world. From 2019 to 2020 hydropower and other renewables increased their shares of total production marginally, as did […]